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Archbishop Hermann von Wied was the son of Count Friedrich von Wied-Runkel. At first he fought against the Reformation and had the Lutherans Adolf Clarenbach and Peter Fliesteden executed in Cologne. Later he became a follower of these teachings. His efforts to reform the church in Cologne according to Luther's doctrines were foiled by the resistance of the city, the university, the Cathedral Chapter and the Emperor. In 1546 Hermann was deposed and excommunicated by the Pope. In the same year the Kaiser deprived him of his Elector status. In 1551 he died a Lutheran at his hereditary residence in Wied.