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Jewish privilege, 1266

Photo: © Dombauarchiv Köln, A. Wolff

What makes this privilege so unusual is that it was published ‘in stone’ in the cathedral. Following riots against the city’s Jews in 1266, Archbishop Engelbert of Falkenburg complied with the Jewish community’s request to be granted a privilege. The stone charter outlining the details of the privilege is divided into two stone plaques. The socle and crenellations are not original and were rendered according to a design by Arnold Wolff. The privilege granted the Jews the right to bury their dead without hindrance, exempted them from death duties and arbitrary taxes, and granted them a monopoly in the lucrative money-lending business. The taxes paid by the Jews constituted an important source of income for the Archbishop of Cologne, which explains why he was so keen to protect them.

Kulturstiftung Kölner Dom Das Generationenprojekt 11.000 Sterne für den Kölner Dom ZENTRAL-DOMBAU-VEREIN ZU KÖLN VON 1842 DOMKLOSTER 4